Hans Henrich Hock and Indranil Dutta, University of Illinois
We examine the prosodic incorporation of utterance-ﬁnal voca- tives in American English. Our report is based on two separate experiments to test the claim by Beckman and Pierrehumbert (1986) () and Pierrehumbert and Hirschberg () that the phonetic manifestation of an L* tone on the ﬁnal vocative is indicative of its contrastive behavior. Our ﬁrst experiment, in- volving the dramatic reading of two scenes from a make-believe play, shows that in contexts approximating natural speech, ﬁnal vocatives are prosodically integrated into the matrix structure. A second experiment with decontextualized ”out-of-the-blue” readings, by contrast, shows patterns similar to Beckman and Pierrehumbert (1986)() and Pierrehumbert and Hirschberg ().