A Joint Acoustic-Articulatory Study of Nasal Spectral Reduction in Read Versus Spontaneous Speaking Styles
Vikram Ramanarayanan, Dani Byrd, Louis Goldstein and Shrikanth Narayanan, USC
Speech styles are one of the primary phenomena of prosodic variation in speech. We present a novel automatic procedure to analyze real-time magnetic resonance images (rt-MRI) of the human vocal tract recorded for read and spontaneously spoken speech. This is applied to rt-MRI data on nasal articulation, jointly used with acoustic analyses of the speech signal, to analyze nasal production differences in read and spontaneous speech, especially focusing on reduction. In this exploratory study, vowel-nasal-vowel (VNV) sequences from one speaker were examined and measures extracted from both acoustic and articulatory signals. Significant differences were observed in the realizations of constriction-forming events for read and spontaneous speaking styles. Such an analysis has implications for understanding speech planning and for informing design of automatic speech analysis algorithms.